Otto Complete

vlcsnap-2015-09-02-11h33m06s239

Revisiting an old favourite — it’s Otto Preminger Week, Slight Reprise.

I think it was Guy Budziak who sent me a DVD of Otto Preminger’s THE CARDINAL some years back — thanks, Guy! — I immediately watched and drooled over the magnificent Saul Bass title sequence, then put it away, meaning to watch the rest later. Having finally done so, the main benefit received is probably that it got me to finally start reading Chris Fujiwara’s Preminger study, The World and His Double. The movie does embody a lot of the positive AND negative things about the Preminger style and personality.

Fujiwara cites plenty of testimony from concerned parties that Preminger mercilessly mistreated his leading man, Tom Tryon, eventually driving him to quit acting altogether. (Preminger felt Tryon should thank him for his subsequent successful career as a novelist.) Tryon’s own account is harrowing and heartbreaking — but I’m surprised that co-star John Huston’s version isn’t included. Huston claims he noticed Tryon was looking nervous and suggested that Otto might try soothing his star rather than berating him. Otto approached the trembling thespian from behind and bellowed “RELAAAAX!” in his ear.

It probably isn’t true, but poetically it is clearly COMPLETELY true.

vlcsnap-2015-09-02-11h31m17s174

The perfect match of pillars and font (typographic, not baptismal)

The film also got me looking up Catholic history to see if the movie was fair and accurate. It’s not too shabby. Preminger apparently added all the stuff about the Austrian Anschluss, which the source novel didn’t deal with. The film shows faithfully how the church in Austria initially welcomed Nazi annexation, only turning against it when the Nazis started repressive measures against Catholics. But the movie can’t find room to show how Pope Pius XII pursued policies of appeasement and neutrality, decrying war crimes in generic terms while refusing to be specific. However, we do get to see some prime chickenshit religiose humbug in a sequence dealing with segregation in Georgia. When Ossie Davis comes to Rome to report his church being burned by the clan, the Italian cardinal berates him for his inflammatory behaviour in protesting that a Catholic school wouldn’t teach black children.

The fact that Tryon’s character stays with the church after this almost makes him a difficult character to respect, although in fairness he travels to Georgia and tries to help out. His biggest problem as a lead character is that he allows his sister to die — she’s pregnant, the doctor needs to sacrifice the baby’s life to save her, and Tryon refuses. Even Preminger knew this was a character flaw: whatever the law of the church says, as fellow humans in the audience we demand that Tryon’s character save his sister. No movie star could really play that part — the kind of characters movie stars play would somehow resolve things — or God would help out with a miracle and the sister would live.

vlcsnap-2015-09-02-11h43m37s162

Tryon flanked by Lynley Mk II (right) and Dorothy Gish (left).

In a really creepy piece of filmmaking, Preminger casts the same actress, the lovely Carol Lynley, as both sister and grown-up niece (the movie’s story covers decades, and it seems like it too). It’s as if an act of cinematic metempsychosis has resulted in the mother literally living on in her daughter, so that the priest’s act of murder is erased. As Fujiwara observes, Preminger directs this sequence with so little conviction that the apparent intended meaning is substantially undercut.

Weirdness alternates with dullness. For the first twenty minutes, the script (Robert Dozier plus uncredited Gore Vidal and Ring Lardner — neither of whom knew the other was at work on the same project until a chance meeting exposed the farce) is content to offer no actual drama at all, just uncomfortable actors exchanging information, plus bits of ritual and music and nice location shooting. Then Cecil Kellaway brings in a little conflict, playing an avuncular rotter in a dog collar, whose sins are so petty, venial and squalid that it’s surprising Otto got the OK from the church, especially after his rows with the Catholic Legion Of Decency (CLOD, I call them) on previous movies.

vlcsnap-2015-09-02-11h42m03s246

And then we get John Huston, and things get MUCH better. Also Burgess Meredith, at whose deathbed Huston has a moment that actually really moved me — not an emotion I expected to get from a Huston performance, though I often enjoy him.

Cinematographer Leon Shamroy, who restrains his usual Deluxe Color glorious excesses, was apparently quite smitten with Romy Schneider… one can well believe it.

vlcsnap-2015-09-02-11h34m35s102

The movie was make-up supremo Dick Smith’s first credit, and he had to age Tryon throughout the movie. He was apparently a last-minute replacement for the great Maurice Seiderman (CITIZEN KANE), who quarrelled with Preminger and, as a parting gesture, ran his electric razor in a line right up the back of Tryon’s head. Poor Tryon, he got the worst of every encounter. Poor Smith, he had to spend months gluing little bits of hair to the back of Tryon’s scalp.

Fujiwara is probably right to regard this as major Preminger, but he does note the difficulties it presents — Tom Tryon is sort of right for it, but does not provide a strong centre.

Dwight MacDonald wrote of Preminger, “A great showman who has never bothered to learn anything about making a movie,” which is totally off-base. But he added, hilariously, “… no one is more skilled at giving the appearance of dealing with large, controversial themes in a bold way, without making the tactical error of doing so.” In a sense, he has Preminger cold, but a more sympathetic reading — that the former lawyer was always inclined to view a problem from both sides, if at all possible — is equally valid. When dramatic weakness or oppressive censorship impacts on this approach, the result can be dullness, as in several long sequences of THE CARDINAL. When Preminger is able to pilot a strong script through the cultural hazards, the results are striking.

Advertisements

4 Responses to “Otto Complete”

  1. Preminger was fine filmmaker but a Total Sadist. He preyed on weak-willed, emotionally distraught actors. It’s no surprise that Maggie MacNamara, Jean Seberg and Dorothy Dandridge (the last-mentioned for a time his mistress) all committed suicide. He clearly chose Tryon for his insecurity. But as he wasn’t interested in fucking him it was no go off-screen. Happily Tryon found his feet as a writer. And the best adaptor of his work was (wait for it!) Billy Wilder.

    When I worked as a guard at the Metropolitan Museum I used to see Tryon a lot with his boyfriend Cal Culver (aka. “Casey Donovan”) and their friend the great character actor Richard Deacon (“Mel Cooley” on “The Dick Van Dyke Show”) Deacon was an art expert and would give his pals special guided tours of the exhibits.

    The Cardinal is not without interest but it’s no Anatomy of a Murder

    or Skidoo for that matter.

  2. I might even like Robert Mulligan’s film of Tryon’s The Other better than I like Fedora, but it’s a near thing.

    Tryon said that when he filmed his waltz with Romy, it was the only time Otto laid off him, so he looks relaxed in that one moment. Implying that Otto felt his character should never have been a priest and his whole mission in the film is part of his overall failure.

    Coming soon: my appreciation of Advise and Consent.

  3. I like The Cardinal a lot and its still impressive for the fact that its the only movie I know that takes an entirely secular perspective of the Catholic Church as a political institution. Chris Fujiwara compares films like Anatomy, Cardinal, In Harm’s Way and Advise and Consent with Frederick Wiseman’s documentaries, in that its looking at an institution and how it works. I like the big sprawling canvas of the movie.

    Preminger’s film has a lot of personal stuff, like the section in the film where Romy Schneider’s husband committed suicide when the Nazis arrived is based on something that happened to one of his friends.

  4. Egon Friedel! Whose sequel to HG Wells’ The Time Machine I read as a kid, without knowing his tragic fate.

    Otto’s fellow Viennese, Fred Zinnemann made a film which might bear comparison, The Nun’s Story. Again, the film takes a studiously secular stance, neither condemning nor celebrating (hence withholding music at the end), though it doesn’t get into the political arena the way Otto’s does.

Leave a Reply

Fill in your details below or click an icon to log in:

WordPress.com Logo

You are commenting using your WordPress.com account. Log Out / Change )

Twitter picture

You are commenting using your Twitter account. Log Out / Change )

Facebook photo

You are commenting using your Facebook account. Log Out / Change )

Google+ photo

You are commenting using your Google+ account. Log Out / Change )

Connecting to %s

%d bloggers like this: