The Comedy of Terrorists

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JOY OF LIVING/CHE GIOIA VIVERE (1961) is an oddity in the René Clément canon — a comedy, a genre he rarely dabbled in, apart from his early short with Jacques Tati, SOIGNE TON GAUCHE and an early feature with Noel-Noel, LE PERE TRANQUILLE — an Italian film, though Clement was open to co-productions throughout his career, shooting THE WALLS OF MALAPAGA/BEYOND THE GATES in Italy in 1949 and THIS ANGRY AGE in Thailand (and Cinecitta) in 1957 — a period movie that’s NOT set during the French occupation, but just after WWI in Rome.

(Side-note: though Clément and Truffaut were vocal in their disgust for one another’s work, the rambunctious title sequence here feels like it may have influenced JULES ET JIM’s, though it’s not as chaotic — whereas Truffaut basically grabbed the trim-bin and emptied the off-cut footage into his movie — leading to what Scorsese called ” the most exhilerating thing I’d ever seen” — Clément can’t help but stick to some kind of narrative sequence. His approach is less bold but more skilled, which is the relationship between old and new waves in a nutshell.)

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Alain Delon, the director’s most frequent leading man, plays Ulysse, a glib and plausible young man who accepts a job from the fascists, searching for a printing press that’s been churning out anarchist leaflets. But when he finds the place, he falls in lust with the daughter of the lead anarchist, played by the extraordinary-looking German actress Barbara Lass, whose eyes are bigger than Barbara Steele’s, wider apart that Gene Tierney’s, and seem constantly on the verge of breaking loose from her head altogether to pursue independent destinies. She’s an actual flesh-and-blood Margaret Keane painting, and she somehow makes it work. Maybe because she projects a human sweetness, which tames the uncanny Na’avi qualities of her funhouse countenance. At any rate, when she and Delon are on the screen together, in Henri Decae’s exquisite framings (they needed a wide screen for those eyes), there’s almost too much beauty to take in.

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As in THE WALLS OF MALAPAGA, Clement is as obsessed with crumbling architecture as he is with plot or character, and the Piranisian tableaux of this film are to die for. And it’s pretty funny ~

Food fight! from David Cairns on Vimeo.

The period setting and frankly astonishing scale of the enterprise (Clement’s two Oscar wins obviously equipped him to command considerable resources — he blows up the Arch of Constantine!) connect this movie with romps like THOSE MAGNIFICENT MEN IN THEIR FLYING MACHINES and THE GREAT RACE, but it’s more controlled than those, even if it doesn’t have a linear chase plot to focus it. And, oddly, Clement proves better at organizing visual gags than his colleagues — a food-fight between anarchists and fascists is particularly impressive. And there’s just enough seriousness underlying the hi-jinks — Delon’s character is sufficiently deceitful that we worry he might go blackshirt at any moment if a pretty enough girl shows up on the other side — the dark days ahead for Italy hover low on the distant horizon — the film’s affection for the family of anarchists, partly justified by their being so irrelevant to the match of history, is somehow reconciled with a horror of bomb-throwing and acts of terror. The genuinely gripping climax has fascist stooges planting bombs around a huge public exposition (with balloon ascensions, roads paved with German helmets, and the first pre-fab house as part of the attractions) while Delon scoots around after them, gathering up the infernal devices in a perambulator. A man pushing a pram is slightly comic, a stunningly handsome man pushing a pram while in fear of being imminently smithereened is really very funny indeed.

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A piece of espionage worthy of Pynchon — illicit communication lines in prison, running through the plumbing system!

The film stops capering just long enough for a chilling exchange between Delon and his old school friend, now a committed fascist, who warns him, “You’ll be persecuted for the rest of your life.” Delon replies with the brilliant, and unanswerable “And you’ll be a persecutor for the rest of yours.”

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9 Responses to “The Comedy of Terrorists”

  1. Curious to see this for the combination of Delon and especially Barbara Lass, whom I’m completely unfamiliar with apart from her being the first Mrs. Roman Polanski.

  2. Yes, I’d forgotten all that, and that she’s in Two Men and a Wardrobe. She’s really striking, and a good actor.

  3. henryholland666 Says:

    I watched “Those Magnificent Men etc.” for the first time in decades yesterday, I enjoyed it for what it was. I mainly had recorded it because I’d seen Gert Fröbe chew massive amounts of scenery in “Goldfinger” last week and to my delight, he’s even less restrained as a German pilot, jawohl! Lots of great cameos in that movie too and as a plane enthusiast, I marveled that humans ever achieved flight in those death traps that blossomed after the Wright Brothers achievement.

  4. Barbara Lass: “Werewolf in a Girl’s Dormitory”, ’nuff said.

    I discovered in person why Barbara Steele’s eyes look so big… her face is tiny, and doll-like.

  5. What is it with these doll-like Barbaras?

    They killed a pilot on Magnificent Men, didn’t they? I seem to recall my old friend Lawrie reporting a conversation with the guy before his death: “Yes, I nearly got wiped out on that, but it would be worth it, wouldn’t it, for a really good shot?” Lawrie resolved not to fly with this guy.

    But you would have to be a bit crazy for that job.

  6. Yes. There are no big eyes. Only small heads.

  7. “I *am* big. It’s the HEADS that got small.”

  8. … Hugh Griffiths

  9. I don’t know if his eyes are actually big, or else just much nearer the camera than the rest of him.

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